Introduction


The Oriental Republic of Uruguay receives its name from its location to the East of the Uruguay river. This geographic factor and many historic reasons determined that the people who are from uruguay are called " orientals", even though the country is located in the Western Hemisphere. The word " Uruguay" comes from the Guaraní language and means "the river where the bird lives".



Uruguay is a tolerant and open minded country, where does not exist racial, political or cultural discrimination against the foreigner.It is a pacific place to live and visit and one of the safest of Latin America. It is also a small country, which make the distances small enough to travel across it.





The most important and visited beaches cover a distance of 300kms between Montevideo and the border with Brazil.

The national sport is soccer, which attracts people from all over the country.

General Information:

Presidente: Sr. José Mujica
Vice President: Cr. Danilo Astori.
Total Country Area: 176.215 Km2
Population 3.151.663 hbs.
Capital: Montevideo.
Language: Spanish
Political regime: Democratic Republican and Representative.
Currency: Uruguayan Peso
Visa: Given for 90 days
Inmigration Requirements: neighboring countries only ID card, other countries passport mandatory.
Climate Average Temperatures: Spring 17', Summer 23', Fall 18' and Winter 12'.
Independence Day: August 25
Not Working Holidays: January 1, May 1, July 18, August 25, December 25
Working Holidays: Carnaval,(February} Easter (March-April} January 6, April 19, May 18, June 19, October 12, November 2
Member of international organizations: UN, OAS, ALADI, MERCOSUR,etc.
Last constitution enacted: since November 28, 1996.
Population Density: 17,8 people km2.
Educational System: Free, mandatoy and non-religious
Literacy: 96.2%.
Geographic Situation: 30 and 35 lat South.
Highest Mountain: Cerro Catedral with 514 mts, followed by Cerro de las Animas with 501 mts hight.

Uruguay is divided in 19 Departments and its capital is Montevideo founded at Rio de la Plata Bay in 1724. The population of Uruguay came at the beginning from Europe, mostly from Spain and Italy, as a result of an open immigration policy. There is also a small proportion of the population who is black. They brought a wonderful cultural heritage which today the population is proud of CANDOMBE, the national sound also with the PERICON, the national dance. The national food is the ASADO, a traditional barbacue made with meat. Even the country does not have an oficial religion, the Catolicism is the predominant one.



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